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Jeb

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  1. 000 FXUS61 KLWX 190858 AFDLWX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC 358 AM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 .SYNOPSIS... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRESSURE OFF THE NORTH CAROLINA COAST WILL INTENSIFY AND MOVE ALONG THE COAST AND OFF THE DELMARVA TONIGHT AND EAST OF LONG ISLAND SUNDAY MORNING. A WEAK DISTURBANCE WILL CROSS THE MID-ATLANTIC REGION LATE MONDAY BEFORE HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN FOR THE MIDDLE PART OF THE WEEK. A STRONG UPPER DISTURBANCE IS EXPECTED TO IMPACT THE MID-ATLANTIC FOR CHRISTMAS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .NEAR TERM /TODAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- MID ATLC LOOKS ON ITS WAY TO RECORD DEC SNOWFALL - TWO DAY DEC RECORDS FOR MAJOR AIRPORTS: DCA 12.0" 1932 BWI 14.1" 1960 IAD 12.1" 1969 LOW PRES HAS DEEPENED DRAMATICALLY AT HAT BTWN 04 AND 08Z - FM 1004 TO 990 MB...AND WL CONT INTENSIFY AS IT APRCHS THE DELMARVA LATE THIS AFTN/ERLY EVE. BAND OF HVIEST RDR RETURN ALREADY SEEN TO BE PIVOTING TO A MORE NE-SW ALIGNMENT. HVIEST SNOWFALL AREA WL MOVE FM THE CENTRAL SHEN VALLEY UP TOWARDS DC/BALT/NHK...WHERE IT WL CONT TO SNOW HEAVILY THRUT THE DAY. TOTALS NEAR 2` PSBL W OF CHO WHERE 15" WAS REPORTED AT 1 AM...AND BY END OF TNGT NEAR 20" IN THE I-95 CORRIDOR. BLZRD WRNG SE OF DC WL RMN AS IS. THIS IS A REFLECTION OF STRONGER WINDS CLOSE TO THE BAY...NOT HEAVIER SNOWFALL. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .SHORT TERM /TONIGHT/... -- Changed Discussion -- BLV SNOW WL BECOME LGT TNGT IN THE SW...BUT XPCTD TO CONT AT A MDT PACE IN I-95 CORRIDOR DURG THE EVE HRS. TEMPS OVRNGT IN 20S ACROSS THE CWA - WIND CHILLS IN THE TEENS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LONG TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/... SNOW XPCD TO TAPER OFF SUN AS LOPRES MOVES QUICKLY AWAY FROM RGN. WNWLY LOW-LVL FLOW AND APRCH OF A LOW-AMPLITUDE SHRTWV TROF WILL PROMOTE UPSLP SNOW SHOWERS ALONG WRN SLOPES OF ALLEGHENY FRONT THRU MON NGT. COLD AIR RMNS PRESENT THRU MUCH OF NEXT WEEK OWING TO PERSISTENT SNOW PACK. A STRONG CLOSED UPR LOW XPCD TO FORM OVER SRN PLNS MID WEEK AND COULD RESULT IN PCPN THU-FRI. ATTM...MODELS SUGGEST A TRANSITION FROM SNOW INITIALLY TO RAIN AS WARM AIR IS DRAWN INTO THE SYSTEM. && .AVIATION /08Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- TAFS HV ESSENTIALLY BEEN BURIED IN VLIFR CIGS/VSBYS THRUT THE DAYLGT HRS. ALTHO THERE MAY BE SOME MINOR IMRVMNTS GETTING IN/OUT OF THE THREE MAJOR AIRPORTS WL BE XTRMLY DIFFICULT TDA THRU THIS EVENG. MAIN PSBLTY FOR TERMINAL IMPACTS IN EXTENDED PDS IS THU-FRI NEXT WEEK...WHEN A DEEP CLOSED UPR LOW WILL APRCH APLCNS AND COULD GENERATE RAIN/SNOW OVER MUCH OF MID-ATLC RGN. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .MARINE... LOW PRESSURE NEAR ILM WILL SLOWLY MOVE NORTHWARD UP THE MID- ATLANTIC COAST AS IT INTENSIFIES OVERNIGHT AND SATURDAY. THE INCREASING PRESSURE GRADIENT WILL BRING SCA WINDS OVERNIGHT...WITH THE STRONGEST WINDS ACROSS THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND LOWER TIDAL POTOMAC WHERE GUSTS AROUND 30 KNOTS ARE EXPECTED. AS THE GRADIENT INCREASES...WINDS WILL INCREASE SATURDAY INTO SATURDAY NIGHT ACROSS THE LOWER TIDAL POTOMAC AND CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM POOLES ISLAND TO SMITH POINT. WILL CONTINUE WITH A GALE WARNING ACROSS THESE AREAS...AND SCA CONDITIONS ELSEWHERE. A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY WILL LIKELY BE WARRANTED FOR THE WATERS OVERNIGHT SATURDAY AND SUNDAY. && .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... -- Changed Discussion -- PROLONGED NORTHEASTERLY FLOW WILL BUILD EXCESS WATER INTO THE BAY. ATTM TIDAL LVLS AT DC/BALT/ANNA HAVEN`T BUDGED FM NRML...BUT POSITIVE TIDAL DEPARTURES OF UP TO ONE FOOT ABOVE NORMAL ARE POSSIBLE TODAY. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... -- Changed Discussion -- DC...WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR DCZ001. MD...WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST EARLY THIS MORNING FOR MDZ013-014-016>018. WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR MDZ013-014-016>018. BLIZZARD WARNING UNTIL 6 PM EST THIS EVENING FOR MDZ013-014- 016>018. WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR MDZ003>007- 009>011-501-502. VA...WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ021-025>031- 036>042-050>057. WV...WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ050>055- 501>504. MARINE...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 6 AM EST EARLY THIS MORNING FOR ANZ531>534-537-539>543. GALE WARNING UNTIL 10 PM EST THIS EVENING FOR ANZ531>534-537- 539>543. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 10 PM EST THIS EVENING FOR ANZ530- 535-536-538. -- End Changed Discussion -- && $$ PRODUCTS...WOODY!/JRK/BP -----------
  2. 000 FXUS61 KLWX 190139 AFDLWX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC 839 PM EST FRI DEC 18 2009 .SYNOPSIS... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRESSURE OVER THE SOUTHEASTERN STATES WILL INTENSIFY ALONG THE CAROLINA COAST OVERNIGHT. THE STORM WILL INTENSIFY AND MOVE ALONG THE EAST COAST SATURDAY INTO SUNDAY MORNING. A WEAK DISTURBANCE WILL CROSS THE MID-ATLANTIC REGION LATE MONDAY BEFORE HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN FOR THE MIDDLE PART OF THE WEEK. A STRONG UPPER DISTURBANCE IS EXPECTED TO IMPACT THE MID-ATLANTIC FOR CHRISTMAS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM SATURDAY MORNING/... -- Changed Discussion -- CURRENT ANALYSIS SHOWS LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING ALONG THE SOUTH CAROLINA COAST EARLY THIS EVENING. THIS LOW WILL CONTINUE TO INTENSIFY AS IT SLOWLY MOVES UP THE MID-ATLANTIC COAST OVERNIGHT. AN UPPER-LEVEL LOW IS CURRENTLY MOVING THROUGH THE MIDWEST WHILE HIGH PRESSURE REMAINS OVER NEW ENGLAND PUMPING IN PLENTY OF COLD AIR. SNOW HAS ALREADY BROKE OUT ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN CWA THIS EVENING WELL AHEAD OF THE SURFACE LOW. PRECIPITATION WILL CONTINUE TO SPREAD NORTH THIS EVENING AND SNOW...HEAVY AT TIMES IS EXPECTED OVERNIGHT ACROSS THE ENTIRE CWA. HAVE BUMPED UP ACCUMULATIONS OVERNIGHT DUE TO BANDING THAT IS ANTICIPATED WITH THE PRECIPITATION. ACCUMULATIONS BY MORNING WILL BE AROUND 4 TO 8 INCHES ACROSS THE WASHINGTON AND BALTIMORE METROPOLITAN AREAS...AND 6 TO 12 INCHES ACROSS THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY INTO CENTRAL VIRGINA INTO THE VIRGINIA PIEDMONT AND LOWER SOUTHERN MARYLAND. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .SHORT TERM /6 AM SATURDAY MORNING THROUGH 6 PM SATURDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRESSURE WILL CONTINUE TO INTENSIFY AS IT MOVES UP THE MID- ATLANTIC COAST SATURDAY. SNOW WILL CONTINUE ACROSS THE ENTIRE CWA...HEAVY AT TIMES. THE HEAVIEST SNOW WILL FALL DURING THE MORNING HOURS WEST OF THE BLUE RIDGE MOUNTAINS AND THROUGH THE AFTERNOON HOURS EAST OF THE BLUE RIDGE MOUNTAINS. WINDS OF 15 TO 20 MPH WITH GUSTS TO 25 MPH WILL BLOW THE HEAVY SNOW AS IT FALLS...FURTHER DECREASING VISIBILITY. TRAVEL WILL BE VERY TREACHEROUS AND IS GREATLY DISCOURAGED THROUGH SATURDAY. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LONG TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/... SNOW XPCD TO TAPER OFF SUN AS LOPRES MOVES QUICKLY AWAY FROM RGN. WNWLY LOW-LVL FLOW AND APRCH OF A LOW-AMPLITUDE SHRTWV TROF WILL PROMOTE UPSLP SNOW SHOWERS ALONG WRN SLOPES OF ALLEGHENY FRONT THRU MON NGT. COLD AIR RMNS PRESENT THRU MUCH OF NEXT WEEK OWING TO PERSISTENT SNOW PACK. A STRONG CLOSED UPR LOW XPCD TO FORM OVER SRN PLNS MID WEEK AND COULD RESULT IN PCPN THU-FRI. ATTM...MODELS SUGGEST A TRANSITION FROM SNOW INITIALLY TO RAIN AS WARM AIR IS DRAWN INTO THE SYSTEM. && .AVIATION /01Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- CIGS AND VSBYS WILL RAPIDLY DETERIORATE ONCE SNOW BEGINS THIS EVENING. IFR/SUBIFR CIGS AND VSBYS ARE EXPECTED IN SNOW OVERNIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY. NLY WINDS 15 KT WITH GUSTS UP TO 25 KT DURING SNOWFALL SATURDAY...ESPECIALLY ACROSS THE EASTERN TERMINALS. MAIN PSBLTY FOR TERMINAL IMPACTS IN EXTENDED PDS IS THU-FRI NEXT WEEK...WHEN A DEEP CLOSED UPR LOW WILL APRCH APLCNS AND COULD GENERATE RAIN/SNOW OVER MUCH OF MID-ATLC RGN. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .MARINE... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING OFF THE SOUTH CAROLINA COAST THIS EVENING WILL SLOWLY MOVE NORTHWARD UP THE MID-ATLANTIC COAST AS IT INTENSIFIES OVERNIGHT AND SATURDAY. THE INCREASING PRESSURE GRADIENT WILL BRING SCA WINDS OVERNIGHT...WITH THE STRONGEST WINDS ACROSS THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND LOWER TIDAL POTOMAC WHERE GUSTS AROUND 30 KNOTS ARE EXPECTED. AS THE GRADIENT INCREASES...WINDS WILL INCREASE SATURDAY INTO SATURDAY NIGHT ACROSS THE LOWER TIDAL POTOMAC AND CHESAPEAKE BAY FROM POOLES ISLAND TO SMITH POINT. WILL CONTINUE WITH A GALE WARNING ACROSS THESE AREAS...AND SCA CONDITIONS ELSEWHERE. A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY WILL LIKELY BE WARRANTED FOR THE WATERS OVERNIGHT SATURDAY AND SUNDAY. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRESSURE WILL INTENSIFY OFF THE CAROLINA COAST TONIGHT...MOVING NEAR THE MOUTH OF THE BAY SATURDAY. PROLONGED NORTHEASTERLY FLOW WILL BUILD EXCESS WATER INTO THE BAY...BRINGING POSITIVE TIDAL DEPARTURES OF UP TO ONE FOOT ABOVE NORMAL BY SATURDAY. MINOR COASTAL FLOODING IS POSSIBLE NEAR TIMES OF HIGH TIDE SATURDAY. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... -- Changed Discussion -- DC...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR DCZ001. MD...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR MDZ003>007-009>011-013-014-018. WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR MDZ016-017-501- 502. VA...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ042-053-054. WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ021-025-026- 036>039-050-056. WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ027>031-040- 041-051-052-055-057. WV...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ051>053. WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ054. WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ050-055- 501>504. MARINE...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ531-532-539-540. GALE WARNING FROM 6 AM TO 10 PM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ531>534- 537-539>543. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 6 AM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ533-534- 537-541>543. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 10 PM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ530-535-536-538. -- End Changed Discussion -- && $$ LASORSA/KRAMAR/BAJ ---------------
  3. 000 FXUS61 KLWX 182025 AFDLWX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC 325 PM EST FRI DEC 18 2009 .SYNOPSIS... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRESSURE OVER THE SOUTHEASTERN STATES WILL INTENSIFY ALONG THE CAROLINA COAST THIS EVENING. THE STORM WILL INTENSIFY AND MOVE ALONG THE EAST COAST SATURDAY INTO SUNDAY MORNING. A WEAK DISTURBANCE WILL CROSS THE MID-ATLANTIC REGION LATE MONDAY BEFORE HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN FOR THE MIDDLE PART OF THE WEEK. A STRONG UPPER DISTURBANCE IS EXPECTED TO IMPACT THE MID-ATLANTIC FOR CHRISTMAS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... -- Changed Discussion -- ACCUMULATING SNOWFALL BEGINS THIS AFTERNOON. REGIONAL RADAR MOSAIC DEPICTS THE LEADING BANDS OF SNOW CURRENTLY STRETCHED FROM SOUTHERN WV TO CAPE HATTERAS...INCLUDING HIGHLAND...AUGUSTA AND NELSON COUNTIES. A FEW FLAKES MAY REACH DC AND BALTIMORE THIS EVENING...BUT ACCUMULATING SNOW WILL BE A FEW HOURS LATER GIVEN SURFACE AND AIR TEMPERATURES IN THE LOW 30S. GENERAL OVERNIGHT ACCUMULATIONS OF 2-4 INCHES WILL BE POSSIBLE IN THE METRO AREAS...5-10 INCHES IN THE CENTRAL SHENANDOAH VALLEY AND CENTRAL FOOTHILLS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .SHORT TERM /SATURDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- INTENSE SNOWFALL BEGINS THIS EVENING FOR SW ZONES THEN SPREADS NORTHEAST THROUGH THE NIGHT AS THE CENTER OF THE LOW REACHES THE GA COAST AND INTENSIFIES AS IT HEADS NE UP THE CAROLINA COAST TONIGHT. EXPECTING THE STORM TO BE HALF OVER FOR THE SW ZONES BY TOMORROW MORNING...WHILE JUST GETTING UNDERWAY FOR THE BALTIMORE- DC METRO AREA. AS THE SYSTEM CROSSES CAPE HATTERAS EARLY SATURDAY... WRAPAROUND SNOW BANDS SPREAD ACROSS THE CWA...PRIMARILY ALONG AND EAST OF THE SHENANDOAH VALLEY. A TROWAL WITH EMBEDDED INSTABILITY EXPECTED TO BE ALONG THE I-95 CORRIDOR THROUGH THE DAY SATURDAY... PRODUCING INTENSE SNOWFALL. THE TROWAL AXIS PULLS EAST SATURDAY NIGHT...THOUGH THE RATE AT WHICH IT MOVES EAST REMAINS TO BE SEEN. HOWEVER...EXPECT SNOWFALL TO TAPER OFF FROM WEST TO EAST SATURDAY NIGHT...ENDING ALONG THE WESTERN SHORE OF THE BAY SUNDAY MORNING. WINDS OF 15 TO 20 MPH WITH GUSTS TO 25 MPH WILL BLOW THE HEAVY SNOW AS IT FALLS...FURTHER DECREASING VISIBILITY. TRAVEL WILL BE VERY TREACHEROUS AND IS GREATLY DISCOURAGED LATE TONIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LONG TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- SNOW XPCD TO TAPER OFF SUN AS LOPRES MOVES QUICKLY AWAY FROM RGN. WNWLY LOW-LVL FLOW AND APRCH OF A LOW-AMPLITUDE SHRTWV TROF WILL PROMOTE UPSLP SNOW SHOWERS ALONG WRN SLOPES OF ALLEGHENY FRONT THRU MON NGT. COLD AIR RMNS PRESENT THRU MUCH OF NEXT WEEK OWING TO PERSISTENT SNOW PACK. A STRONG CLOSED UPR LOW XPCD TO FORM OVER SRN PLNS MID WEEK AND COULD RESULT IN PCPN THU-FRI. ATTM...MODELS SUGGEST A TRANSITION FROM SNOW INITIALLY TO RAIN AS WARM AIR IS DRAWN INTO THE SYSTEM. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .AVIATION /19Z FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- VFR CONDITIONS END THIS EVENING AS SNOW SPREADS NORTHEASTWARD. SNOW INTENSIFIES FROM SW TO NE TONIGHT WITH HEAVY SNOW ALL DAY SATURDAY BEFORE TAPERING OFF FROM SW TO NE SATURDAY NIGHT. NLY WINDS 15 KT WITH GUSTS UP TO 25 KT DURING SNOWFALL SATURDAY. MAIN PSBLTY FOR TERMINAL IMPACTS IN EXTENDED PDS IS THU-FRI NEXT WEEK...WHEN A DEEP CLOSED UPR LOW WILL APRCH APLCNS AND COULD GENERATE RAIN/SNOW OVER MUCH OF MID-ATLC RGN. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .MARINE... -- Changed Discussion -- EASTERLY FLOW INCREASES THIS AFTERNOON WITH SCA STARTING SOUTH THIS EVENING AND EXPANDING TO ALL WATERS BY MIDNIGHT. INTENSIFICATION CONTINUES THROUGH THE NIGHT WITH GALES EXPECTED ACROSS THE WATERS EXCEPT THE TIDAL POTOMAC ABOVE COBB ISLAND...THE PATAPSCO...AND NORTH OF POOLES ISLAND. GALE FORCE GUSTS AND HEAVY SNOW ARE EXPECTED SATURDAY AND SATURDAY NIGHT BEFORE THE STORM PULLS AWAY FROM THE BAY SUNDAY MORNING. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRESSURE WILL INTENSIFY OFF THE CAROLINA COAST TONIGHT...MOVING NEAR THE MOUTH OF THE BAY LATE TONIGHT AND SATURDAY. PROLONGED NORTHEASTERLY FLOW WILL BUILD EXCESS WATER INTO THE BAY...BRINGING POSITIVE TIDAL DEPARTURES OF AROUND ONE FOOT TONIGHT AND SATURDAY. NO COASTAL FLOODING IS EXPECTED. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... DC...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR DCZ001. MD...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR MDZ003>007-009>011-013-014-018. WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 9 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR MDZ016-017-501-502. VA...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ042-053-054. WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ021-025-026-036>039-050-056. WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 9 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ027>031-040-041-051-052-055-057. WV...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ051>053. WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ054. WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 9 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ050-055-501>504. MARINE...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ531-532-539-540. GALE WARNING FROM 6 AM TO 10 PM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ531>534- 537-539>543. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ533-534-537-541>543. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 10 PM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ530-535-536-538. && $$ BAJ/KRAMAR -----------
  4. 000 WWUS41 KLWX 191939 WSWLWX URGENT - WINTER WEATHER MESSAGE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC 239 PM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 DCZ001-MDZ006-007-009>011-VAZ052>057-200345- /O.CAN.KLWX.BZ.W.0001.000000T0000Z-091219T2300Z/ /O.CON.KLWX.WS.W.0008.000000T0000Z-091220T1100Z/ DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA-NORTHERN BALTIMORE-HARFORD-MONTGOMERY-HOWARD- SOUTHERN BALTIMORE-PRINCE WILLIAM/MANASSAS/MANASSAS PARK-FAIRFAX- ARLINGTON/FALLS CHURCH/ALEXANDRIA-STAFFORD-SPOTSYLVANIA- KING GEORGE- INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...WASHINGTON...GAITHERSBURG...COLUMBIA... BALTIMORE...MANASSAS...MANASSAS PARK...FAIRFAX...ALEXANDRIA... FALLS CHURCH...FREDERICKSBURG 239 PM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 ...WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY... ...BLIZZARD WARNING IS CANCELLED... THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN STERLING VIRGINIA HAS CANCELLED THE BLIZZARD WARNING. A WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY. * PRECIPITATION TYPE...SNOW. * ACCUMULATIONS...STORM TOTAL ACCUMULATIONS OF 14 TO 22 INCHES. * TIMING...SNOW WILL BE HEAVIEST THROUGH 9 PM TONIGHT. SNOW WILL CONTINUE THROUGH EARLY SUNDAY MORNING. * TEMPERATURES...MID TO UPPER 20S. * WINDS...15 TO 20 MPH...WITH GUSTS UP TO 25 MPH. PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... A WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF SNOW... SLEET...AND ICE ARE EXPECTED OR OCCURRING. STRONG WINDS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. THIS WILL MAKE TRAVEL VERY HAZARDOUS OR IMPOSSIBLE. && $$ MDZ013-014-016>018-200345- /O.CAN.KLWX.BZ.W.0001.000000T0000Z-091219T2300Z/ /O.EXT.KLWX.WS.W.0009.091219T1939Z-091220T1100Z/ PRINCE GEORGES-ANNE ARUNDEL-CHARLES-ST. MARYS-CALVERT- INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...ANNAPOLIS...WALDORF...ST MARYS CITY 239 PM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 ...WINTER STORM WARNING NOW IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY... ...BLIZZARD WARNING IS CANCELLED... THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN STERLING VIRGINIA HAS CANCELLED THE BLIZZARD WARNING. THE WINTER STORM WARNING IS NOW IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY. * PRECIPITATION TYPE...SNOW. * ACCUMULATIONS...STORM TOTAL ACCUMULATIONS OF 12 TO 18 INCHES. * TIMING...SNOW WILL BE HEAVIEST THROUGH 7 PM TONIGHT. SNOW WILL CONTINUE THROUGH EARLY SUNDAY MORNING. * TEMPERATURES...MID TO UPPER 20S. * WINDS...15 TO 25 MPH...WITH GUSTS UP TO 30 MPH AT COASTAL LOCATIONS. PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... A WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF SNOW... SLEET...AND ICE ARE EXPECTED OR OCCURRING. STRONG WINDS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. THIS WILL MAKE TRAVEL VERY HAZARDOUS OR IMPOSSIBLE. && $$ VAZ021-025-026-036>039-050-WVZ054-200345- /O.CON.KLWX.WS.W.0008.000000T0000Z-091220T1100Z/ HIGHLAND-AUGUSTA-ROCKINGHAM-NELSON-ALBEMARLE-GREENE-MADISON- ORANGE-PENDLETON- INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...STAUNTON...WAYNESBORO...HARRISONBURG... CHARLOTTESVILLE 239 PM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 ...WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY... A WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY. * PRECIPITATION TYPE...SNOW. * ACCUMULATIONS...STORM TOTAL ACCUMULATIONS OF 14 TO 24 INCHES. * TIMING...SNOW WILL CONTINUE THROUGH TONIGHT. * TEMPERATURES...MID TO UPPER 20S. * WINDS...10 TO 15 MPH WITH GUSTS TO 25 MPH. PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... A WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF SNOW ARE EXPECTED OR OCCURRING. STRONG WINDS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. CONDITIONS WILL DETERIORATE VERY RAPIDLY LATE TONIGHT AND WILL MAKE TRAVEL EXTREMELY TREACHEROUS. && $$ MDZ501-502-VAZ027>031-WVZ050-055-501>504-200345- /O.CON.KLWX.WS.W.0008.000000T0000Z-091220T1100Z/ EXTREME WESTERN ALLEGANY-CENTRAL AND EASTERN ALLEGANY-SHENANDOAH- FREDERICK VA-PAGE-WARREN-CLARKE-HAMPSHIRE-HARDY-WESTERN GRANT- EASTERN GRANT-WESTERN MINERAL-EASTERN MINERAL- INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...FROSTBURG...CUMBERLAND...WINCHESTER... FRONT ROYAL...BAYARD...PETERSBURG...EMORYVILLE...HARTMANSVILLE... KEYSER...FORT ASHBY 239 PM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 ...WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY... A WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY. * PRECIPITATION TYPE...SNOW. * ACCUMULATIONS...STORM TOTAL ACCUMULATIONS OF 12 TO 24 INCHES. * TIMING...SNOW WILL CONTINUE THROUGH TONIGHT. * TEMPERATURES...LOW TO MID 20S. * WINDS...10 TO 15 MPH...WITH GUSTS TO 25 MPH. PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... A WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF SNOW ARE EXPECTED OR OCCURRING. STRONG WINDS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. CONDITIONS WILL DETERIORATE VERY RAPIDLY EARLY TODAY MORNING AND WILL MAKE TRAVEL EXTREMELY TREACHEROUS. && $$ MDZ003-WVZ051>053-200345- /O.CON.KLWX.WS.W.0008.000000T0000Z-091220T1100Z/ WASHINGTON-MORGAN-BERKELEY-JEFFERSON- INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...HAGERSTOWN...MARTINSBURG...CHARLES TOWN 239 PM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 ...WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY... A WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY. * PRECIPITATION TYPE...SNOW. * ACCUMULATIONS...STORM TOTAL ACCUMULATIONS OF 12 TO 24 INCHES. * TIMING...SNOW WILL CONTINUE THROUGH EARLY SUNDAY MORNING. * TEMPERATURES...MID 20S. * WINDS...10 TO 20 MPH. PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... A WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF SNOW ARE EXPECTED OR OCCURRING. STRONG WINDS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. CONDITIONS WILL DETERIORATE VERY RAPIDLY TODAY MORNING AND WILL MAKE TRAVEL EXTREMELY TREACHEROUS. && $$ VAZ040-041-051-200345- /O.CON.KLWX.WS.W.0008.000000T0000Z-091220T1100Z/ RAPPAHANNOCK-FAUQUIER-CULPEPER- INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...WASHINGTON...CULPEPER 239 PM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 ...WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY... A WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY. * PRECIPITATION TYPE...SNOW. * ACCUMULATIONS...STORM TOTAL ACCUMULATIONS OF 14 TO 24 INCHES. * TIMING...SNOW WILL CONTINUE THROUGH LATE TONIGHT. * TEMPERATURES...MID 20S. * WINDS...10 TO 15 MPH...WITH GUSTS TO 25 MPH. PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... A WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF SNOW ARE EXPECTED OR OCCURRING. STRONG WINDS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. CONDITIONS WILL DETERIORATE VERY RAPIDLY TODAY MORNING AND WILL MAKE TRAVEL EXTREMELY TREACHEROUS. && $$ MDZ004-005-VAZ042-200345- /O.CON.KLWX.WS.W.0008.000000T0000Z-091220T1100Z/ FREDERICK MD-CARROLL-LOUDOUN- INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...FREDERICK...WESTMINSTER...LEESBURG 239 PM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 ...WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY... A WINTER STORM WARNING REMAINS IN EFFECT UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY. * PRECIPITATION TYPE...SNOW. * ACCUMULATIONS...STORM TOTAL ACCUMULATIONS OF 12 TO 24 INCHES. * TIMING...SNOW WILL CONTINUE THROUGH EARLY SUNDAY MORNING. * TEMPERATURES...MID 20S. * WINDS...10 TO 20 MPH WITH GUSTS OF 25 MPH. PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... A WINTER STORM WARNING MEANS SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF SNOW ARE EXPECTED OR OCCURRING. STRONG WINDS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. CONDITIONS WILL DETERIORATE VERY RAPIDLY TODAY MORNING AND WILL MAKE TRAVEL EXTREMELY TREACHEROUS. && $$ BAJ -------
  5. Area Forecast Discussion Issued by NWS Sterling, VA http://forecast.weather.gov/product.php?si...p;highlight=off 000 FXUS61 KLWX 191532 AFDLWX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC 1032 AM EST SAT DEC 19 2009 .SYNOPSIS... LOW PRESSURE OFF THE NORTH CAROLINA COAST WILL INTENSIFY AND MOVE ALONG THE COAST AND OFF THE DELMARVA TONIGHT AND EAST OF LONG ISLAND SUNDAY MORNING. A WEAK DISTURBANCE WILL CROSS THE MID-ATLANTIC REGION LATE MONDAY BEFORE HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN FOR THE MIDDLE PART OF THE WEEK. A STRONG UPPER DISTURBANCE IS EXPECTED TO IMPACT THE MID-ATLANTIC FOR CHRISTMAS. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRES INVOF KHSE...989MB...AND WL CONT INTENSIFY AS IT APRCHS THE DELMARVA LATE THIS AFTN/ERLY EVE. BANDS OF HVIEST RDR RETURN ACROSS CENTRAL VIRGINIA HAS NE- SW ALIGNMENT. HVIEST SNOWFALL AREA WL MOVE FM THE CENTRAL SHEN VALLEY UP TOWARDS DC/BALT/NHK...WHERE IT WL CONT TO SNOW HEAVILY THRUT THE DAY. STORM TOTALS 2 TO 2.5 FT INVOF CHO WHERE 16.5 WAS REPORTED AT 9 AM...ALONG THE ALLEGHENY FRONT...AND 1.5 TO 2 FT ALONG THE THE I-95 CORRIDOR. BLIZZARD WARNING EXPANDED TO GREATER I-95 CORRIDOR AND SOUTHERN MARYLAND. PERIODS AND HEAVY SNOW AND GUSTY WINDS ARE EXPECTED THROUGH THE AFTERNOON HOURS OF THE BLIZZARD AREA. SNOW IS STARTING TO TAPER OFF FOR SW ZONES...A FEW BANDS TO CROSS OUT THERE BRINGING A FEW MORE INCHES. MIXED PRECIP FOR LOWER ST MARYS/SOUTHERN CALVERT COUNTY TO TURN TO ALL SNOW THROUGH MIDDAY. PLEASE CHECK CLIMATE SXN FOR TWO DAY DEC SNOW TOTALS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 AM SUNDAY/... BLV SNOW WL BECOME LGT TNGT IN THE SW...BUT XPCTD TO CONT AT A MDT PACE IN I-95 CORRIDOR DURG THE EVE HRS. TEMPS OVRNGT IN 20S ACROSS THE CWA - WIND CHILLS IN THE TEENS. && .LONG TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/... SNOW XPCD TO TAPER OFF SUN AS LOPRES MOVES QUICKLY AWAY FROM RGN. WNWLY LOW-LVL FLOW AND APRCH OF A LOW-AMPLITUDE SHRTWV TROF WILL PROMOTE UPSLP SNOW SHOWERS ALONG WRN SLOPES OF ALLEGHENY FRONT THRU MON NGT. COLD AIR RMNS PRESENT THRU MUCH OF NEXT WEEK OWING TO PERSISTENT SNOW PACK. A STRONG CLOSED UPR LOW XPCD TO FORM OVER SRN PLNS MID WEEK AND COULD RESULT IN PCPN THU-FRI. ATTM...MODELS SUGGEST A TRANSITION FROM SNOW INITIALLY TO RAIN AS WARM AIR IS DRAWN INTO THE SYSTEM. && .AVIATION /15Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- TAFS CONTINUE TO BE BURIED IN VLIFR CIGS/VSBYS THRUT THE DAYLGT HRS. SNOW THROUGH THE AFTERNOON PERIODS OF HEAVY SNOW WITH BANDED PRECIPITATION. ALTHO THERE MAY BE SOME MINOR IMRVMNTS GETTING IN/OUT OF THE THREE MAJOR AIRPORTS WL BE XTRMLY DIFFICULT THIS EVENG. MAIN PSBLTY FOR TERMINAL IMPACTS IN EXTENDED PDS IS THU-FRI NEXT WEEK...WHEN A DEEP CLOSED UPR LOW WILL APRCH APLCNS AND COULD GENERATE RAIN/SNOW OVER MUCH OF MID-ATLC RGN. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .MARINE... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRESSURE NEAR HATTERAS MOVING NE. GRADIENT HAS INCREASED...GALES FOR THE WATERS THROUGH TONIGHT. ANY MIXED PRECIP OVER THE WATER TO CHANGE OVER TO ALL SNOW THIS AFTERNOON. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY WILL BE WARRANTED FOR THE WATERS SUNDAY THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT. STRONGER NW WINDS CONTINUE THROUGH MONDAY/MONDAY NIGHT AS HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS ACROSS THE WATERS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... -- Changed Discussion -- PROLONGED NORTHEASTERLY FLOW HAS BUILT POSITIVE ANOMALIES INTO THE BAY. ATTM TIDAL LVLS ARE APPROACHING TWO FEET ABOVE PREDICTED FOR LOWER TIDAL POTOMAC AND LOWER PORTIONS OF THE MD CHES BAY. A COASTAL FLOOD ADVISORY WILL GO UP FOR CALVERT..ST MARYS...CHARLES...KING GEORGE COUNTIES SOON. POSITIVE TIDAL DEPARTURES OF UP TO ONE FOOT ABOVE NORMAL ARE POSSIBLE REST OF THE WATERS TODAY. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .CLIMATE... -- Changed Discussion -- MID ATLC LOOKS ON ITS WAY TO RECORD DEC SNOWFALL - TWO DAY DEC RECORDS FOR MAJOR AIRPORTS: DCA 12.0" 1932 BWI 14.1" 1960 IAD 12.1" 1969 -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... -- Changed Discussion -- DC...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR DCZ001. BLIZZARD WARNING UNTIL 6 PM EST THIS EVENING FOR DCZ001. MD...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR MDZ006-007-009>011-013-014-016>018. BLIZZARD WARNING UNTIL 6 PM EST THIS EVENING FOR MDZ006-007- 009>011-013-014-016>018. WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR MDZ003>005-501- 502. VA...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ052>057. BLIZZARD WARNING UNTIL 6 PM EST THIS EVENING FOR VAZ052>057. WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ021-025>031- 036>042-050-051. WV...WINTER STORM WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ050>055- 501>504. MARINE...GALE WARNING UNTIL 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR ANZ530>543. -- End Changed Discussion -- && $$ UPDATE...BAJ PREVIOUS DISCUSSION...ABW/BPP/JRK -----------
  6. Area Forecast Discussion Issued by NWS Sterling, VA http://forecast.weather.gov/product.php?si...p;highlight=off 000 FXUS61 KLWX 180849 AFDLWX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC 349 AM EST FRI DEC 18 2009 .SYNOPSIS... -- Changed Discussion -- HIGH PRESSURE WILL MOVE EAST OF THE AREA TODAY. LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE GULF COAST WILL EMERGE OFF THE COAST OF THE CAROLINAS TONIGHT. THIS STORM WILL THEN TRACK ALONG THE EAST COAST SATURDAY THROUGH SUNDAY MORNING. A WEAK DISTURBANCE TO CROSS THE MID- ATLANTIC REGION EARLY NEXT WEEK BEFORE HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN FOR THE MIDDLE PART OF THE WEEK. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/... -- Changed Discussion -- LITTLE TO SPEAK OF WX-WISE THRU MIDDAY FRI. THE APPROACHING STORM SYSTEM THAT IS EXPECTED TO BE A SNOW-MAKER FROM SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS TO THE NEW ENGLAND IS CURRENTLY STRENGTHENING OVER THE GULF COAST STATES. A REGIONAL-SCALE FETCH OF LOW LEVEL MOISTURE STREAMING UP THE SOUTHEAST...FROM LA TO SC. THE LEADING EDGE OF THE PRECIP WILL BE EXPANDING UP THE ERN SEABOARD THRU THE DAYTIME HRS. TEMPS WILL GRADUALLY RISE CLOSE TO FREEZING BY LATE MRNG AS THE STORM SYSTEM IS STILL WELL TO THE SOUTH...AND ONLY BANDS OF MID- HIGH CLOUDS WILL BE STREAMING INTO THE MID ATLC. HIGHS NOT EXPECTED TO RISE MUCH MORE THAN THAT...LIKELY STILL IN THE L-M30S BY MID AFTN...MODERATING FROM THERE AS MORE SOLID CLOUD COVER PUSHES IN FROM THE SW AND FROM A WEAK ELY ONSHORE FLOW AS A WEAK SFC HIGH OVER SRN QUEBEC HELPS TO REINFORCE THE RELATIVELY COLDER AIR IN THE LOW LEVELS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 AM SATURDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- AS THE LEADING EDGE OF PRECIP BEGINS TO WORK THRU THE DRIER REGIME BY LATE FRI AFTN-EARLY EVENING...A FEW SNOW FLAKES WILL BEGIN TO FALL ACROSS THE SOUTHERNMOST PORTIONS OF THE CWA JUST AFTER SUNSET. PCPN WILL LIKELY BE VERY LIGHT FOR THE FIRST FEW HRS W/ LITTLE-NO ACCUMULATION EXPECTED UNTIL LATER IN THE EVENING. THIS COMPLEX STORM SYSTEM HAS TWO MAIN PHASES. THE FIRST PHASE AFFECTS THE MID ATLC MAINLY FOR THE LATE NIGHT-OVERNIGHT HRS ON FRI...INTO EARLY SAT. A DYNAMIC MESOSCALE REGION OF MODERATE SNOW...W/ EMBEDDED AREAS OF HEAVY SNOW...WILL BE SETTING UP ACROSS THE LEE OF THE SRN-CNTRL APPALACHIANS...AN EFFECT OF THE PROXIMITY OF THE SHORTWAVE ACROSS THE MID MISSISSIPPI VLY AND THE COASTAL LOW OFF THE CAROLINAS. AS THE COASTAL LOW STRENGTHENS OFF THE SC/NC COAST /MYRTLE BEACH-WILMINGTON/ LATE FRI NIGHT...THIS MESOSCALE AREA OF HEAVIER PRECIP WILL BE MAXIMIZED IN BETWEEN I-81 AND I-95 OF SRN VA TOWARD THE LATE NIGHT HRS. AN EVEN STRONGER COASTAL LOW DEPICTED FROM THE LATEST NAM SUGGESTS THAT THIS CORRIDOR OF PRECIP /WHICH WOULD BE ALL SNOW ONCE IT ENTERS OUR CWA/ WILL BE FAIRLY WELL MAINTAINED AS IT PUSHES NORTH- NORTHEASTWARD INTO THE OVERNIGHT HRS. THE AREA HIGHLIGHTED FOR ACCUMULATING SNOWS WILL BE TO THE SOUTH OF THE I-66 CORRIDOR W/ THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS OVER EXTREME W CNTRL VA...INTO THE NEARBY BLUE RIDGE AND FOOTHILLS. WHILE THE HEAVIEST CORRIDOR OF SNOW BANDING WILL BE PROPAGATING UP THE VA/MD PIEDMONT INTO THE PRE-DAWN HRS SAT...SNOW WILL CONTINUE TO FALL OVER THE CNTRL-SRN SHENANDOAH VLY...ADDING TO THEIR OVERNIGHT ACCUMULATIONS. THE FOCUS WILL THEN SHIFT TOWARD THE METRO AREAS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LONG TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- MDL GDNC REMAINS QUITE CONSISTENT ON A BIG EAST COAST NOREASTER SAT- SAT NGT. THE QSTNS RIGHT NOW HOVER ARND HOW MUCH AND WHEN...NOT IF. GFS SEEMS A BIT FLAT CONSIDERING THE POTL. ON THE OTR HAND... NAM QPF GROSSLY OVERDONE. THEREIN LIES THE UNCERTAINTY. ON SAT...CSTL LOW PASSES JUST E OF CWFA...AND INTERACTS W/ H5 TROF. STORM THEN LIFTS NE OF CWFA SAT NGT. EVEN IF FULL PHASING DOES NOT OCCUR...THE DEFORMATION AXIS WL BE ACRS CWFA...SUPPORTING A SWATH OF MDT-HVY SNW-- NOT EVEN SPEAKING OF LCL BANDING. WHILE SNW WL START ERLR...ACCUM PCPN WL SPREAD IN EARNEST INTO METROS ON SAT...W/ MAX IMPACT LKLY SAT AFTN-EVE INVOF DEF AXIS. CYCLONE PLENTY JUICED FM GLFMEX...AND WL IMPORT ADDTL MSTR FM ATLC. THERMALLY... COLUMN COLD ENUF FOR ALL SNW ACRS ENTIRE CWFA. ENUF INGREDIENTS TO RAISE WRNG. PLEASE NOTE...TTL ACCUMS WL NEED TO BE FINE TUNED IN THE CYCLES TO COME. SUFFICE IT TO SAY...THE WRNG THRESHOLD WL BE SURPASSED. THERE/S ALWAYS A BIT OF UNCERTAINTY IN FCSTG EXTREME EVENTS...AND HV ATTEMPTED TO STRIKE A BALANCE CONVEYING THE THREAT IN A RESERVED MANNER. IN ADDITION...LOOKING FOR WNDS TO PICK UP TOO AS THE P-GRAD INCR... ADDING BLOWING/DRIFTING CONCERNS. PCPN LKLY TO WIND DOWN SUN MRNG AS LOW DEPARTS. THE UPSLP EVENT THEN WL UNFOLD. LATER FCSTRS WL NEED TO ADDRESS THAT CONCERN. IT/LL BE PLENTY COLD FOR THE WK AHD. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .AVIATION /09Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- VFR CONDITIONS THRU MUCH OF THE CURRENT TAF PERIOD...BUT A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM WILL BE FAST APPROACHING THE MID ATLC BY LATE IN THE DAY ON FRIDAY. SNOW WILL BEGIN TO FALL AT LOCALES SUCH AS KCHO BY FRI EVENING...AND MOVE INTO THE DC/BALT METRO AREAS INTO THE LATE NIGHT HRS /AND INCREASING IN INTENSITY OVERNIGHT/. BY THE PRE-DAWN HRS...MOST OF THE AREA TAF SITES WILL BE IN STEADILY FALLING SNOW...W/ THE HEAVIEST ACTIVITY ALONG THE I-95 CORRIDOR GOING INTO THE MORNING HRS ON SAT. LESSER INTENSITIES AND DURATIONS ACROSS THE NRN SHENANDOAH VLY...LIKE KMRB/KHGR. POOR FLYING CONDS SAT-SAT NGT /AOB IFR VSBYS/CIGS/ IN SNW. IMPVMNT COMES SUN. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .MARINE... -- Changed Discussion -- WINDS NEAR CALM AROUND THE REGION...W/ WEAK NLY SURGES CLOSER TO 10 KT INTO THE EARLY MRNG HRS. FOR MUCH OF TODAY...WINDS WILL REMAIN RELATIVELY LIGHT...CHANGING TO MORE ELY BY THIS AFTN...THEN NELY INTO THE LATE EVENING. A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM JUST OFF THE CAROLINA COAST WILL BEGIN TO AFFECT THE REGION BY SPREADING SNOW ACROSS THE MID ATLC AND A MIX OF RAIN-SNOW CLOSER TO THE BAY...CHANGING MAINLY TO ALL SNOW INTO THE OVERNIGHT HRS FRI. AS THE COASTAL LOW STRENGTHENS INTO EARLY SAT AND GETS CLOSER TO THE TIDEWATER REGION...SO WILL WINDS ACROSS THE BAY. SCA CONDITIONS WILL BE APPARENT BY EARLY SAT. CYCLONE DEEPENS OFF DELMARVA SAT-SAT NGT...MAKING GLW A VERY REAL PSBLTY. HV UPGRADED TO GLW FOR MOST OF BAY/LWR PTMC...STRONG SCA ELSW. WL LET LATER FCSTRS HANDLE THE ENDING OF THE EVENT. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... -- Changed Discussion -- LOW PRESSURE WILL INTENSIFY OFF THE CAROLINA COAST TONIGHT...MOVING NEAR THE MOUTH OF THE BAY LATE TONIGHT AND INTO SATURDAY. PROLONGED NORTHEASTERLY FLOW WILL BUILD EXCESS WATER INTO THE BAY...BRINGING POSITIVE TIDAL DEPARTURES TONIGHT AND SATURDAY. THERE WILL BE POTENTIAL FOR MINOR COASTAL FLOODING WITH THIS SYSTEM. STRONG NORTHERLY FLOW SATURDAY WILL REMOVE EXCESS WATER FROM THE BAY THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... -- Changed Discussion -- DC...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR DCZ001. MD...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR MDZ003>007-009>011-013-014-016>018-501-502. VA...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ028-031-042-052>054. WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR VAZ021-025>027-029-030-036>041-050-051-055>057. WV...WINTER STORM WARNING FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ050>053-503-504. WINTER STORM WARNING FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SUNDAY FOR WVZ054-055-501-502. MARINE...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 6 AM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ531-532-539-540. GALE WARNING FROM 6 AM TO 10 PM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ531>534- 537-539>543. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ533-534-537-541>543. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FROM MIDNIGHT TONIGHT TO 10 PM EST SATURDAY FOR ANZ530-535-536-538. -- End Changed Discussion -- && $$ SYNOPSIS...HTS NEAR TERM...GMS SHORT TERM...GMS LONG TERM...HTS AVIATION...GMS/HTS MARINE...GMS/HTS TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...HTS -------------------------
  7. Area Forecast Discussion Issued by NWS Sterling, VA http://forecast.weather.gov/product.php?si...p;highlight=off 402AM Dec 17 2009 000 FXUS61 KLWX 170828 AFDLWX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BALTIMORE MD/WASHINGTON DC 328 AM EST THU DEC 17 2009 .SYNOPSIS... -- Changed Discussion -- HIGH PRESSURE WILL AFFECT THE AREA TODAY...BEFORE MOVING OFF THE COAST TONIGHT. LOW PRESSURE WILL DEVELOP ALONG THE COASTLINE OF THE GULF OF MEXICO LATE TONIGHT...AND EMERGE OFF THE COAST OF THE CAROLINAS FRIDAY NIGHT. THIS STORM WILL THEN TRACK UP THE EASTERN SEABOARD SATURDAY AND SATURDAY NIGHT. COLD HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD FOR THE FIRST HALF OF NEXT WEEK. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/... -- Changed Discussion -- ANOTHER DAY OF QUIET WX...AHEAD OF A POSSIBLE WINTRY SCENARIO FOR THE COMING WEEKEND. NOT MUCH ACTIVITY ONGOING ACROSS THE CONUS... BUT A RELATIVELY SMALL DISTURBANCE JUST OFF THE TX GULF COAST WILL CONTINUE TO STRENGTHEN OVER THE COURSE OF THE DAY AND INTO TOMORROW. AN UPPER LOW ROTATING OVER NOVA SCOTIA WILL REMAIN SITUATED IN THAT GENERAL AREA INTO THE WEEKEND...KEEPING A STEADY STREAM OF NWLY WINDS AND COLDER-DRIER AIR SLIDING DOWN INTO THE NORTHEAST AND MID ATLC. HIGHS TODAY WILL BE COMPARABLE TO YESTERDAY...AS ANOTHER PERIOD OF 10-15MPH WINDS PICK-UP DURING THE LATE MRNG-EARLY AFTN HRS AND KEEP WIND CHILL VALUES ABOUT 10 DEGREES BELOW THE AMBIENT TEMP. SKIES WILL REMAIN MOSTLY CLEAR THROUGHOUT THE MRNG...THEN A STEADY STREAM OF UPPER CIRRUS /FOLLOWED BY MID LEVEL STRATUS/ WILL MAKE AN APPEARANCE DURING THE AFTN-EVNG HRS. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 AM FRIDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- OTHER THAN A FAIRLY SOLID LAYER OF UPPER CIRRUS AND INCREASING AMOUNTS OF MID CLOUD DECKS...ANOTHER SIMILAR OVERNIGHT PERIOD FOR THU NIGHT/FRI MRNG. CLOUD COVER WILL KEEP THE STRATIFICATION OF TEMPS ACROSS THE AREA FAIRLY LOW /EVERYONE RANGING IN THE L-M20S FROM THE MTNS TO THE BAY/. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- MDL GDNC /OP RUNS AND ENSEMBLES/ CNVGG TWD A WKND SNW EVENT ACRS CWFA. THE MAIN PIECES SEEM TO BE FALLING INTO PLACE-- SRN STREAM LOPRES CROSSES THE GLFMEX CST PICKING UP AMPLE MSTR FRI AND THEN TRANSFERS THAT ENERGY TO THE CAROLINA COAST AS IT INTERACTS W/ H5 TROF AXIS. STORM SUBSEQUENTLY ATTAINS NEG TILTING AS IT DEEPENS AND TRACKS TWD NEW ENGLND SUNDAY. SFC LOW PROGGED TO BE CLS ENUF TO COAST TO PROVIDE DECENT PCPN FM NOT JUST THE GLFMEX CONNECTION BUT ALSO ACCESSING ATLC MSTR...BUT TRACK WL STILL BE S OF CWFA. H8 LOW ALSO PROGGED TO BE S OF CWFA. THUS...MDL SNDGS AND CRIT TKNS VALUES ALL SUGGEST IT WL BE PLENTY COLD FOR JUST SNW. THOSE SIGNS ALL SUGGEST THAT CWFA WL BE W/IN BAND OF HVYR QPF. BUT...DO XPCT A THERMAL GRADIENT WHICH LKLY WL CLIP SERN CRNR OF CWFA...MAINLY SRN MD...MEANING THERE WL BE A RA/SN LINE TO DEAL WITH. HAVING SAID THAT...THERE ARE SMALL DIFFS IN MDL GDNC WHICH WL HV BIG RAMIFICATIONS IN THE END FCST. /FOR ONE THING...ITS STILL WAY TOO ELY TO PIN DOWN QPF./ SINCE THERE IS THAT ASPECT OF UNCERTAINTY AND STORM WL BE IN FCST PDS 4-6...WON/T BE ISSUING A WATCH JUST YET. /DAYSHIFT MAY NEED TO IF 06Z-12Z GDNC PAINTS A SIMLR PICTURE./ BUT...WL BUMP UP POPS SIGNIFICANTLY /LKLY-CAT/ FRI NGT-SAT NGT W/ THIS CYCLE. WL MAKE CORRESPONDING ADJUSTMENTS TO TEMPS AS WELL... SPCLY MAXT SAT-SUN...SINCE TEMPS WL STRUGGLE TO RISE IN LIGHT OF POTL SNWFL. ONCE H5 TROF SWINGS THRU...FLOODGATES OPEN FOR MORE COLD AIR FOR THE 1ST HALF OF NXT WEEK. THAT ALSO SHUD EQUATE TO UPSLP SHSN FOR OUR WRN TIER. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .AVIATION /09Z THURSDAY THROUGH MONDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- HIGH PRESSURE WILL KEEP CONDITIONS QUIET INTO NEXT WEEKEND. BREEZY NWLY WINDS WILL AGAIN PICK-UP THIS MRNG...LINGERING THRU THE AFTN THEN DECREASING TO NEAR CALM BY LATE TONIGHT. A LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM GATHERING OVER THE TX GULF COAST WILL BEGIN TO AFFECT THE REGION BY LATE FRI...BUT LITTLE CONCERN WX-WISE TILL THEN. CONDS DETERIORATE FRI AFTN-NGT AS LOPRES FM GLFMEX CST TRANSFERS ENERGY OFF THE CAROLINA COAST AND TRACKS NEWD. MAIN PTYPE WL BE SNW. IFR OR LWR SEEMS PLAUSIBLE LT FRI NGT/ELY SAT MRNG INTO SAT EVE. SOME DETAILS /TIMING/AMTS/ STILL NEED TO BE WORKED OUT...SO WON/T BE GETTING TOO SPECIFIC ATTM. CONDS WL BE IMPVG BY SUN. CUD BE A FEW MVFR PDS...BUT VFR SHUD PREVAIL. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .MARINE... -- Changed Discussion -- SCA THRU LATE THIS AFTN. WINDS ARE NOTICEABLY STRONGER CLOSER TO /AND OVER/ THE MD CHESAPEAKE. A TIGHTENING PRESSURE GRADIENT HELPING TO KEEP 15-20 KT GUSTS OVER THE WATERS...W/ INTERMITTENT GUSTS NEAR 25 KT. THIS WILL LINGER THRU THE LATE MRNG AND INTO THE MID AFTN...GRADUALLY TAPERING OFF BY EVNG. LOPRES ALNG GLFMEX CST FRI WL TRANSFER OFF CAROLINA CST SAT...AND TRACK TO NEW ENGLND SUN. STORM WL BE STRENGTHENING WHILE IN WRN ATLC...AND LTST GDNC PAINTS A STRONGER STORM CLSR TO THE CST. GIVEN SUCH A LRG CONTINUITY SHIFT...AM HESITANT TO OFFER UP GALES ATTM... BUT IT CERTAINLY SEEMS PLAUSIBLE BASED ON LTST PROGS. WL CAP WNDS AT 30KT IN THE GRIDS LT FRI NGT/ELY SAT MRNG THRU ELY SUN...MAINLY IMPACTING LWR PTMC AND MID BAY. SCA CONDS SHUD CONT PAST SUN. WL ALSO BE VSBY RESTRICTIONS AS PCPN /RASN XCPT SNW UPR REACHES BAY AND MOST OF PTMC/ MVS IN FRI EVE AND CONTS THRU SAT. ONCE STORM MVS N OF DELMARVA /RIGHT NOW THAT APPEARS TO BE SAT EVE/...COLD AIR WL RUSH IN CHGG ALL PCPN TO SNW. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... -- Changed Discussion -- DC...NONE. MD...NONE. VA...NONE. WV...NONE. MARINE...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 6 PM EST THIS EVENING FOR ANZ530>534-537>543. -- End Changed Discussion -- && $$ SYNOPSIS...HTS NEAR TERM...GMS SHORT TERM...GMS LONG TERM...HTS AVIATION...GMS/HTS MARINE...GMS/HTS ------------------------
  8. Welcome to Winter '07.5 cool mid-latitudes .. "late spring" ? One of wnrichard583's topics http://www.easternuswx.com/bb/index.php?showtopic=138205 ------------
  9. Jeb

    EUSWX sigs

    This one by MetTech is hilarious. Typical MetTech. Current Mrs. Ivanoff Multivariate Mental Breakdown Index (MMBI): 4.0 Upgraded August 3rd due to outburst over neighbors littering. Minor episode possible in next 48 hours. Forecast: Next major breakdown expected August 29th-August 31st. ------------------
  10. A Robot that Navigates Like a Person http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22946/ --------------
  11. First Image of a Memory Being Made http://news.yahoo.com/s/livescience/firsti...memorybeingmade ----------
  12. Jeb

    EUSWX sigs

    First up is WEATHER 53 -------------------- Woke up this mornin' with a wine glass in my hand. Whose wine? What wine? Where the hell did I dine. Musta been a dream, don't believe where I've been. Come on, let's do it again. ------------------------------------
  13. Children’s Hospital Oakland Scientists First to Discover New Source for Harvesting Stem Cells http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/553605/?sc=rsla ---------------------------
  14. I noticed Met Tech's avatar slogan. Hilarious. "Fighting for peace is like screwing for virginity." ---------------
  15. Warp Drive Engine Could Suck Earth Into Black Hole http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2009/06/11/w...ive-engine.html -----------------------
  16. Check 'em out!! Merger Getting Started in Nanotechnology http://tek.tekrepublik7.net/index.php?titl..._Nanotechnology Nanotechnology Basics: For Students and Other Learners http://crnano.org/basics.htm Exploring the Molecular World http://crnano.org/unbounding.htm Timeline for Molecular Manufacturing http://crnano.org/timeline.htm Nanosystems by Eric Drexler http://e-drexler.com/d/06/00/Nanosystems/toc.html ----------------------
  17. RoyW at EUSWX posted some truly amazing snow related links: Amazing snow/drifting photos from Kansas http://www.easternuswx.com/bb/index.php?sh...p;#entry3729721 Pretty awesome photos from KS. These are from the Pratt and Mullinville areas in the west central part of the state. My hometown has some interesting CNN ireport footage; they got roughly 15-18 inches, an incredible amount for a part of the state where 12+ snows aren't common. Heck, even getting 10 was rare growing up. Pratt and Mullinville are further west and experience that more often. However, they received 24-28 inches or so, which is a lot anywhere in KS, record-setting. I am sad I couldn't be there anymore to see it, but kind of glad I am not shoveling this mess... This image won't post, but it is awesome because the snow almost covers lawn furniture...: http://item.slide.com/r/1/0/i/YDKhceeOmj9G..._5MX1RF1BTo4M9x http://media.kansas.com/smedia/2009/03/28/...ffiliate.80.JPG http://media.kansas.com/smedia/2009/03/28/...ffiliate.80.JPG http://media.kansas.com/smedia/2009/03/28/...ffiliate.80.jpg ----------------------------
  18. Sweet! Cotton candy may help labs grow tissue http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090211/ap_on_..._candy_research -----------------------
  19. Decades of details flood woman with unmatched memory http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2008-0...get-price_N.htm -------------------------
  20. MRIs reveal possible source of woman's super-memory http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2009-0...m?se=yahoorefer ---------------
  21. Need to make this a sig: http://www.easternuswx.com/bb/index.php?s=...t&p=3491559 Phineas stated that it should be made a sig today. -------------
  22. 'Flying Car' Goes to Market http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2009/01/22/flying-car.html ---------
  23. Text of President Barack Obama's Inaugural Address OBAMA: My fellow citizens: I stand here today humbled by the task before us, grateful for the trust you have bestowed, mindful of the sacrifices borne by our ancestors. I thank President Bush for his service to our nation, as well as the generosity and cooperation he has shown throughout this transition. Forty-four Americans have now taken the presidential oath. The words have been spoken during rising tides of prosperity and the still waters of peace. Yet, every so often the oath is taken amidst gathering clouds and raging storms. At these moments, America has carried on not simply because of the skill or vision of those in high office, but because we the people have remained faithful to the ideals of our forebears, and true to our founding documents. So it has been. So it must be with this generation of Americans. That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood. Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred. Our economy is badly weakened, a consequence of greed and irresponsibility on the part of some, but also our collective failure to make hard choices and prepare the nation for a new age. Homes have been lost; jobs shed; businesses shuttered. Our health care is too costly; our schools fail too many; and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet. These are the indicators of crisis, subject to data and statistics. Less measurable but no less profound is a sapping of confidence across our land — a nagging fear that America's decline is inevitable, and that the next generation must lower its sights. Today I say to you that the challenges we face are real. They are serious and they are many. They will not be met easily or in a short span of time. But know this, America — they will be met. On this day, we gather because we have chosen hope over fear, unity of purpose over conflict and discord. On this day, we come to proclaim an end to the petty grievances and false promises, the recriminations and worn out dogmas, that for far too long have strangled our politics. We remain a young nation, but in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish things. The time has come to reaffirm our enduring spirit; to choose our better history; to carry forward that precious gift, that noble idea, passed on from generation to generation: the God-given promise that all are equal, all are free and all deserve a chance to pursue their full measure of happiness. In reaffirming the greatness of our nation, we understand that greatness is never a given. It must be earned. Our journey has never been one of shortcuts or settling for less. It has not been the path for the faint-hearted — for those who prefer leisure over work, or seek only the pleasures of riches and fame. Rather, it has been the risk-takers, the doers, the makers of things — some celebrated but more often men and women obscure in their labor, who have carried us up the long, rugged path towards prosperity and freedom. For us, they packed up their few worldly possessions and traveled across oceans in search of a new life. For us, they toiled in sweatshops and settled the West; endured the lash of the whip and plowed the hard earth. For us, they fought and died, in places like Concord and Gettysburg; Normandy and Khe Sahn. Time and again these men and women struggled and sacrificed and worked till their hands were raw so that we might live a better life. They saw America as bigger than the sum of our individual ambitions; greater than all the differences of birth or wealth or faction. This is the journey we continue today. We remain the most prosperous, powerful nation on Earth. Our workers are no less productive than when this crisis began. Our minds are no less inventive, our goods and services no less needed than they were last week or last month or last year. Our capacity remains undiminished. But our time of standing pat, of protecting narrow interests and putting off unpleasant decisions — that time has surely passed. Starting today, we must pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off, and begin again the work of remaking America. For everywhere we look, there is work to be done. The state of the economy calls for action, bold and swift, and we will act — not only to create new jobs, but to lay a new foundation for growth. We will build the roads and bridges, the electric grids and digital lines that feed our commerce and bind us together. We will restore science to its rightful place, and wield technology's wonders to raise health care's quality and lower its cost. We will harness the sun and the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and run our factories. And we will transform our schools and colleges and universities to meet the demands of a new age. All this we can do. All this we will do. Now, there are some who question the scale of our ambitions — who suggest that our system cannot tolerate too many big plans. Their memories are short. For they have forgotten what this country has already done; what free men and women can achieve when imagination is joined to common purpose, and necessity to courage. What the cynics fail to understand is that the ground has shifted beneath them — that the stale political arguments that have consumed us for so long no longer apply. The question we ask today is not whether our government is too big or too small, but whether it works — whether it helps families find jobs at a decent wage, care they can afford, a retirement that is dignified. Where the answer is yes, we intend to move forward. Where the answer is no, programs will end. Those of us who manage the public's dollars will be held to account — to spend wisely, reform bad habits, and do our business in the light of day — because only then can we restore the vital trust between a people and their government. Nor is the question before us whether the market is a force for good or ill. Its power to generate wealth and expand freedom is unmatched, but this crisis has reminded us that without a watchful eye, the market can spin out of control — and that a nation cannot prosper long when it favors only the prosperous. The success of our economy has always depended not just on the size of our gross domestic product, but on the reach of our prosperity; on our ability to extend opportunity to every willing heart — not out of charity, but because it is the surest route to our common good. As for our common defense, we reject as false the choice between our safety and our ideals. Our founding fathers ... our found fathers, faced with perils we can scarcely imagine, drafted a charter to assure the rule of law and the rights of man, a charter expanded by the blood of generations. Those ideals still light the world, and we will not give them up for expedience's sake. And so to all the other peoples and governments who are watching today, from the grandest capitals to the small village where my father was born: know that America is a friend of each nation and every man, woman, and child who seeks a future of peace and dignity, and that we are ready to lead once more. Recall that earlier generations faced down fascism and communism not just with missiles and tanks, but with sturdy alliances and enduring convictions. They understood that our power alone cannot protect us, nor does it entitle us to do as we please. Instead, they knew that our power grows through its prudent use; our security emanates from the justness of our cause, the force of our example, the tempering qualities of humility and restraint. We are the keepers of this legacy. Guided by these principles once more, we can meet those new threats that demand even greater effort — even greater cooperation and understanding between nations. We will begin to responsibly leave Iraq to its people, and forge a hard-earned peace in Afghanistan. With old friends and former foes, we will work tirelessly to lessen the nuclear threat, and roll back the specter of a warming planet. We will not apologize for our way of life, nor will we waver in its defense, and for those who seek to advance their aims by inducing terror and slaughtering innocents, we say to you now that our spirit is stronger and cannot be broken; you cannot outlast us, and we will defeat you. For we know that our patchwork heritage is a strength, not a weakness. We are a nation of Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus — and non-believers. We are shaped by every language and culture, drawn from every end of this Earth; and because we have tasted the bitter swill of civil war and segregation, and emerged from that dark chapter stronger and more united, we cannot help but believe that the old hatreds shall someday pass; that the lines of tribe shall soon dissolve; that as the world grows smaller, our common humanity shall reveal itself; and that America must play its role in ushering in a new era of peace. To the Muslim world, we seek a new way forward, based on mutual interest and mutual respect. To those leaders around the globe who seek to sow conflict, or blame their society's ills on the West — know that your people will judge you on what you can build, not what you destroy. To those who cling to power through corruption and deceit and the silencing of dissent, know that you are on the wrong side of history; but that we will extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist. To the people of poor nations, we pledge to work alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds. And to those nations like ours that enjoy relative plenty, we say we can no longer afford indifference to the suffering outside our borders; nor can we consume the world's resources without regard to effect. For the world has changed, and we must change with it. As we consider the road that unfolds before us, we remember with humble gratitude those brave Americans who, at this very hour, patrol far-off deserts and distant mountains. They have something to tell us, just as the fallen heroes who lie in Arlington whisper through the ages. We honor them not only because they are guardians of our liberty, but because they embody the spirit of service; a willingness to find meaning in something greater than themselves. And yet, at this moment — a moment that will define a generation — it is precisely this spirit that must inhabit us all. For as much as government can do and must do, it is ultimately the faith and determination of the American people upon which this nation relies. It is the kindness to take in a stranger when the levees break, the selflessness of workers who would rather cut their hours than see a friend lose their job which sees us through our darkest hours. It is the firefighter's courage to storm a stairway filled with smoke, but also a parent's willingness to nurture a child, that finally decides our fate. Our challenges may be new. The instruments with which we meet them may be new. But those values upon which our success depends — hard work and honesty, courage and fair play, tolerance and curiosity, loyalty and patriotism — these things are old. These things are true. They have been the quiet force of progress throughout our history. What is demanded then is a return to these truths. What is required of us now is a new era of responsibility — a recognition, on the part of every American, that we have duties to ourselves, our nation, and the world, duties that we do not grudgingly accept but rather seize gladly, firm in the knowledge that there is nothing so satisfying to the spirit, so defining of our character, than giving our all to a difficult task. This is the price and the promise of citizenship. This is the source of our confidence — the knowledge that God calls on us to shape an uncertain destiny. This is the meaning of our liberty and our creed — why men and women and children of every race and every faith can join in celebration across this magnificent Mall, and why a man whose father less than sixty years ago might not have been served at a local restaurant can now stand before you to take a most sacred oath. So let us mark this day with remembrance, of who we are and how far we have traveled. In the year of America's birth, in the coldest of months, a small band of patriots huddled by dying campfires on the shores of an icy river. The capital was abandoned. The enemy was advancing. The snow was stained with blood. At a moment when the outcome of our revolution was most in doubt, the father of our nation ordered these words be read to the people: "Let it be told to the future world ... that in the depth of winter, when nothing but hope and virtue could survive...that the city and the country, alarmed at one common danger, came forth to meet (it)." America, in the face of our common dangers, in this winter of our hardship, let us remember these timeless words. With hope and virtue, let us brave once more the icy currents, and endure what storms may come. Let it be said by our children's children that when we were tested we refused to let this journey end, that we did not turn back nor did we falter; and with eyes fixed on the horizon and God's grace upon us, we carried forth that great gift of freedom and delivered it safely to future generations. Thank you. God bless you. And God bless the United States of America. Reference: ( http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090120/ap_on_...tion_obama_text ) The Inauguration of President Barack Obama Yesterday was a historic day. On January 20th, 2009, Barack H. Obama was sworn in as the 44th President of the United States of America - the first African-American ever to hold the office of U.S. Commander-in-Chief. The event was witnessed by well over one million attendees in chilly Washington D.C., and by many millions more through coverage on television and the Internet. Collected here are photographs of the event, the participants, and some of the witnesses around the world. (48 photos total) http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/01/t..._president.html President Barack Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize OSLO – President Barack Obama won the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday in a stunning decision designed to build momentum behind his initiatives to reduce nuclear arms, ease tensions with the Muslim world and stress diplomacy and cooperation rather than unilateralism. Obama said he was surprised and deeply humbled by the honor, and planned to travel to Oslo to accept the prize, which he said he does not see "as a recognition of my own accomplishments," but rather as a recognition of goals he has set for the United States and the world. "I do not feel that I deserve to be in the company of so many transformative figures that have been honored by this prize," Obama said. Many observers were shocked by the unexpected choice so early in the Obama presidency, which began less than two weeks before the Feb. 1 nomination deadline and has yet to yield concrete achievements in peacemaking. Some around the world objected to the choice of Obama, who still oversees wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and has launched deadly counter-terror strikes in Pakistan and Somalia. Members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee said their choice could be seen as an early vote of confidence in Obama intended to build global support for his policies. They lauded the change in global mood wrought by Obama's calls for peace and cooperation, and praised his pledges to reduce the world stock of nuclear arms, ease American conflicts with Muslim nations and strengthen the U.S. role in combating climate change. Aagot Valle, a lawmaker for the Socialist Left party who joined the committee this year, said she hoped the selection would be viewed as "support and a commitment for Obama." "And I hope it will be an inspiration for all those that work with nuclear disarmament and disarmament," she told The Associated Press in a rare interview. Members of the Nobel peace committee usually speak only through its chairman. The peace prize was created partly to encourage ongoing peace efforts but Obama's efforts are at far earlier stages than past winners'. The Nobel committee acknowledged that they may not bear fruit at all. "He got the prize because he has been able to change the international climate," Nobel Committee chairman Thorbjoern Jagland said. "Some people say, and I understand it, isn't it premature? Too early? Well, I'd say then that it could be too late to respond three years from now. It is now that we have the opportunity to respond — all of us." After the prize was announced, Jagland compared the decision to give it to Obama to the prize was given to German Chancellor Willy Brandt in 1971 for his "Ostpolitik" policy of trying to find common ground with Eastern Europe, which was under Communist sway. He said the same thing was true when then-Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev got the prize in 1990 after he had launched perestroika and glasnost, and allowed Eastern Europe to emerge from Kremlin control. The selection to some extent reflects a trans-Atlantic divergence on Obama. In Europe and much of the world he is lionized for bringing the United States closer to mainstream global thinking on issues like climate change and multilateralism. At home, the picture is more complicated. As president, Obama is often criticized as he attempts to carry out his agenda — drawing fire over a host of issues from government spending to health care to the conduct of the war in Afghanistan. U.S. Republican Party Chairman Michael Steele contended that Obama won the prize as a result of his "star power" rather than meaningful accomplishments. "The real question Americans are asking is, What has President Obama actually accomplished?" Steele said. Obama's election and foreign policy moves caused a dramatic improvement in the image of the U.S. around the world. A 25-nation poll of 27,000 people released in July by the Pew Global Attitudes Project found double-digit boosts to the percentage of people viewing the U.S. favorably in countries around the world. That indicator had plunged across the world under President George W. Bush. Asked whether the prize could be seen as praising Obama's reversal of Bush administration policies, Inger-Marie Ytterhorn, a senior political adviser to the right-wing populist Progress Party told the AP that: "I guess you could read it like that." French President Nicolas Sarkozy, who has made no secret of his admiration for Obama, called the decision the embodiment of the "return of America into the hearts of the people of the world." But Obama's work is far from done, on numerous fronts. He said he would end the Iraq war but has been slow to bring the troops home and the real end of the U.S. military presence there won't come until at least 2012. He's running a second war in the Muslim world, in Afghanistan — and is seriously considering ramping up the number of U.S. troops on the ground and asking for help from others, too. "I don't think Obama deserves this. I don't know who's making all these decisions. The prize should go to someone who has done something for peace and humanity," said Ahmad Shabir, 18-year-old student in Kabul. "Since he is the president, I don't see any change in U.S. strategy in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan." Obama has said that battling climate change is a priority. But the U.S. seems likely to head into crucial international negotiations set for Copenhagen in December with Obama-backed legislation still stalled in Congress. Former Polish President Lech Walesa, who won the prize in 1983, questioned whether Obama deserved it now. "So soon? Too early. He has no contribution so far. He is still at an early stage. He is only beginning to act," Walesa said. "This is probably an encouragement for him to act. Let's see if he perseveres. Let's give him time to act," Walesa said. Unlike the other Nobel Prizes, which are awarded by Swedish institutions, the peace prize is given out by a five-member committee elected by the Norwegian Parliament. Like the Parliament, the committee has a leftist slant, with three members elected by left-of-center parties. Jagland said the decision to honor Obama was unanimous. The award appeared to be at least partly a slap at Bush from a committee that harshly criticized Obama's predecessor for his largely unilateral military action in the wake of the Sept. 11 terror attacks. "Those who were in support of Bush in his belief in war solving problems, on rearmament, and that nuclear weapons play an important role ... probably won't be happy," said Valle, the Nobel Committee member. The Nobel committee praised Obama's creation of "a new climate in international politics" and said he had returned multilateral diplomacy and institutions like the U.N. to the center of the world stage. "You have to remember that the world has been in a pretty dangerous phase," Jagland said. "And anybody who can contribute to getting the world out of this situation deserves a Nobel Peace Prize." Until seconds before the award, speculation had focused on a wide variety of candidates besides Obama: Zimbabwe's Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai, a Colombian senator, a Chinese dissident and an Afghan woman's rights activist, among others. The Nobel committee received a record 205 nominations for this year's prize, though it was not immediately apparent who nominated Obama. Obama is the third sitting U.S. president to win the award: President Theodore Roosevelt won in 1906 and President Woodrow Wilson was awarded the prize in 1919. Wilson received the prize for his role in founding the League of Nations, the hopeful but ultimately failed precursor to the contemporary United Nations. The Nobel committee chairman said after awarding the 2002 prize to former Democratic President Jimmy Carter, for his mediation in international conflicts, that it should be seen as a "kick in the leg" to the Bush administration's hard line in the buildup to the Iraq war. Five years later, the committee honored Bush's adversary in the 2000 presidential election, Al Gore, for his campaign to raise awareness about global warming. In July talks in Moscow, Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev agreed that their negotiators would work out a new limit on delivery vehicles for nuclear warheads of between 500 and 1,100. They also agreed that warhead limits would be reduced from the current range of 1,700-2,200 to as low as 1,500. The United States now has about 2,200 such warheads, compared to about 2,800 for the Russians. But there has been no word on whether either side has started to act on the reductions. Former Peace Prize winner Mohamed ElBaradei, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, said Obama has already provided outstanding leadership in the effort to prevent nuclear proliferation. "In less than a year in office, he has transformed the way we look at ourselves and the world we live in and rekindled hope for a world at peace with itself," ElBaradei said. "He has shown an unshakable commitment to diplomacy, mutual respect and dialogue as the best means of resolving conflicts." Obama also has attempted to restart stalled talks between the Israelis and Palestinians, but just a day after Obama hosted the Israeli and Palestinian leaders in New York, Israeli officials boasted that they had fended off U.S. pressure to halt settlement construction. Moderate Palestinians said they felt undermined by Obama's failure to back up his demand for a freeze. Obama was to meet with his top advisers on the Afghan war on Friday to consider a request by Gen. Stanley McChrystal, the U.S. commander in Afghanistan, to send as many as 40,000 more troops to Afghanistan as the U.S war there enters its ninth year. Obama ordered 21,000 additional troops to Afghanistan earlier this year and has continued the use of unmanned drones for attacks on militants in Afghanistan and Pakistan, a strategy devised by the Bush administration. The attacks often kill or injure civilians living in the area. Nominators for the prize include former laureates; current and former members of the committee and their staff; members of national governments and legislatures; university professors of law, theology, social sciences, history and philosophy; leaders of peace research and foreign affairs institutes; and members of international courts of law. In his 1895 will, Alfred Nobel stipulated that the peace prize should go "to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between the nations and the abolition or reduction of standing armies and the formation and spreading of peace congresses." The committee has taken a wide interpretation of Nobel's guidelines, expanding the prize beyond peace mediation to include efforts to combat poverty, disease and climate change. ___ Associated Press writers Ian MacDougall in Oslo, Rahim Faiez in Kabul, Celean Jacobson in Johannesburg, George Jahn in Vienna, Monika Scislowska in Warsaw, Poland, Matti Huuhtanen in Helsinki and Jennifer Loven in Washington contributed to this report. ___ On the Net: http://www.nobelpeaceprize.org [/b][/size] http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/eu_nobel_peace The 'true story' of how Dr. King kept Uhura on Star Trek http://scifiwire.com/2010/01/the-true-story-of-how-dr.php -----------------------------------------------
  24. 000 FXUS61 KRLX 182149 AFDRLX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CHARLESTON WV 450 PM EST SUN JAN 18 2009 .SYNOPSIS... -- Changed Discussion -- COLD FRONT MOVES SLOWS DOWN OVER SOUTHERN COUNTIES LATE TONIGHT..WAITING FOR UPPER AIR DISTURBANCE TO PASS EARLY MONDAY MORNING. WEAKER UPPER WAVES STILL PASS THROUGH TUESDAY. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... -- Changed Discussion -- BEEN KEEPING THE SEAT CONSTANTLY WARM TODAY...WITH ALL THE FEATURES TO MONITOR. BUT STILL WAITING ON THE BIG PROLONG WINTER STORM FOR THIS SEASON. THE FIRST VORT MAX PULLED EAST OF THE MTNS ARND 18Z SUNDAY...NEXT MOVING INTO CNTRL KY AT 19Z WITH INCREASE IN PCPN EXPECTED FOR LATE AFTN IN SRN COUNTIES SPCLY SRN COUNTIES. THE FRONT IS BEGINNING TO BEND AS FIGURED THIS MRNG...PUSHING FASTER E THRU NRN WV...BUT STRUGGLING TO PUSH INTO SRN WV. AT 18Z THE FRONT WAS BETWEEN PKB AND CKB ON SW TO NR HTS. WILL TAKE A FINAL LOOK AT TEMPERATURES AROUND 19Z...BUT WAS SLOWER IN DROPPING TEMPERATURES IN THE SRN VALLEYS...MAY STILL BE SOME RAIN MIXED IN...AROUND GRUNDY LATE THIS AFTN INTO ELY EVE. THE THIRD AND MAIN UPPER AIR DISTURBANCE IN WISCONSIN AT 18Z. THE WSW WAS STARTED EARLIER TODAY TO INCLUDE THE FIRST DISTURBANCE DURING THE EARLY AFTERNOON FOR THE WV MOUNTAINS. WILL EXPAND WSW FURTHER S DOWN THE MOUNTAIN COUNTIES TO VA IN THE LATE AFTN RELEASE...TO ACCOUNT FOR 2ND AND 3RD DISTURBANCES. OF COURSE OUR JOB WILL BE TO MONITOR DEVELOPMENTS OVERNIGHT. DID INCLUDE SOME OF THE LOWLAND COUNTIES FOR MARGINAL ADVISORY CRITERIA...SINCE THOSE COUNTIES ARE EXPECTED TO BE ALONG THE LOW LEVEL BAROCLINIC ZONE LATE TONIGHT. AS MENTIONED THIS MRNG...STILL FIGURING THE LOW LEVEL BOUNDARY WILL STRUGGLE TO SINK S OF CRW OVERNIGHT. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/... -- Changed Discussion -- PERIOD STARTS WITH AXIS OF H500 SHORT/VORT MAX NEAR HTS. GFS/NAM SIMILAR HANDLING THIS FEATURE AS IT SWINGS ACROSS DURING THE MORNING AND EARLY AFTERNOON...ALTHOUGH GFS MAY BE A TOUCH QUICKER. FAIRLY DEEP LAYER OF MOISTURE WILL COMBINE WITH CVA-INDUCED LIFT AND IDEAL SNOW GROWTH TEMP PROFILE FOR CONTINUED SNOW ACCUMULATIONS. EXPECTING AN ADDITIONAL 1-2 INCHES IN THE ADVISORY AREA THROUGH 18Z...LESS TO THE NORTH AND WEST. SNOW COVERAGE/INTENSITY WILL BEGIN TO WANE THEREAFTER AS SHORT WAVE AXIS MOVES EAST OF MOUNTAINS. STILL KEPT AT LEAST SCATTERED POPS IN MOST AREAS IN COLD NW FLOW. EXPECTING FURTHER ACCUMULATIONS OF AN INCH OR SO IN THE MOUNTAINOUS AREAS...AS AN UPSLOPE COMPONENT IS ABLE TO DEVELOP. COLD NORTHWEST FLOW CONTINUES FOR MONDAY NIGHT/TUESDAY...WITH VARIOUS WEAK RIPPLES DROPPING THROUGH THE FLOW. KEPT GENERAL CHANCY POPS THROUGH THIS PERIOD AREAWIDE...HIGHER IN THE MOUNTAINS OF COURSE. NOT MUCH SYNOPTIC FOCUSING TO WORK WITH...AS MOST OF THE ENERGY GETS DUMPED INTO THE BASE OF THE MAIN TROUGH. THIS OCCURS WELL OFF TO THE SOUTHWEST...ACROSS THE MISSISSIPPI AND TENNESSEE VALLEYS. THIS ENERGY HELPS TO FINALLY KICK THE TROUGH EASTWARD...AND BROAD ANTICYCLONIC FLOW APPROACHES BY 12Z WEDNESDAY. HAVE CONTINUED DECREASING COVERAGE OF SNOW SHOWERS...AND SOME CLEARING SKIES IN THE WESTERN COUNTIES BY SUNRISE. GENERALLY LEANED TOWARDS THE COLDER SIDE OF MOS GUIDANCE THROUGH THE PERIOD. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/... -- Changed Discussion -- INITIALLY...MODELS HAVE GOOD AGREEMENT IN SHOWING A WARM FRONT MOVING INTO THE REGION ON WEDNESDAY WITH LITTLE MOISTURE AS THE UPPER TROUGH BEGINS TO EXIT THE REGION. THE GFS AND ECMWF BOTH SHOW ONE LAST SHORTWAVE ENTERING THE BACK SIDE OF THE...BUT IT LOOKS LIKE THIS ENERGY WILL CROSS TO THE NORTH. SO WITH SOME ISENTROPIC LIFT DID ADD SOME SLIGHT CHANCE POPS ACROSS NRN WV AND OHIO WITH THE WARM FRONT BUT AREAS FURTHER SOUTH THE MOISTURE DEPTH IS LACKING TO SUPPORT SNOW SO LEFT IT DRY. ON THURSDAY...HIGH PRESSURE FINALLY BUILDS IN WITH HEIGHTS ALOFT BUILDING. THE FLOW ALOFT TURNS SWRLY AND PUSHES WARMER AIR IN SO HAVE KEPT THE DRY FORECAST AND THE MILDER TEMPERATURES IN THE 40S ACROSS THE REGION. STARTING ON FRIDAY THE MODELS BEGIN TO DIVERGE HOWEVER AS BOTH SHOW THE NEXT COLD FRONT AND UPPER LEVEL TROUGH DIVING SOUTHWARD ACROSS THE GREAT LAKE STATES...WITH THE MOISTURE INITIALLY LACKING ALONG THE FRONT. BUT HOW THINGS EVOLVE FROM THAT POINT FORWARD ARE IN QUESTION. GFS BEGINS TO ALLOW SOME ENERGY TO CUT UNDER THE RIDGE OFF THE WEST COAST AND THEN MERGES THIS ENERGY WITH THE FRONT AS IT DROPS SE INTO THE OHIO VALLEY ON FRIDAY NIGHT INTO SATURDAY. THIS WOULD PRODUCE AN APPRECIABLE PRECIPITATION EVENT IF IT EVOLVED THIS WAY. BUT THE ECMWF ALLOWS NO ENERGY TO CUT UNDER THE RIDGE AND KEEPS THE NRN STREAM DOMINANT. IT FORCES THE FRONT INTO THE SERN US BY SATURDAY MORNING WITH ANOTHER STRONG POLAR HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING IN FOR THE WEEKEND. AT THIS RANGE...BOTH MODELS HAVE BEEN CONSISTENT WITH THEMSELVES SO THIS IS LEADING TO LOW CONFIDENCE FCST. THUS HAVE ALLOWED FOR SOME LOW POPS ON SATURDAY WITH TEMPERATURES IN THE 30S. ON SUNDAY HIGH PRESSURE IS OVERHEAD IN BOTH MODELS SO HAVE GONE DRY AND COLDER. -- End Changed Discussion -- && .AVIATION /20Z SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/... SNOW SHOWERS OF VARYING INTENSITY AND DURATION THROUGH 18Z MONDAY. SO HIGHLY VARIABLE IN VISIBILITY AND CEILINGS. VSBY BLO 3 MILES AND CEILINGS 1 TO 2 THSD FT COMMON IN THE SNOW SHOWERS. SNOW SHOWERS MOST WIDESPREAD FROM CRW-CKB-EKN ON S. DRIER AIR SHOULD HELP LIMIT SNOW SHOWER DURATION IN PKB VCNTY. AVIATION OUTLOOK /BEYOND 18Z MONDAY/...OCCASIONAL IFR IN SNOW SHOWERS THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT...BECOMING MORE LIMITED TO MOUNTAINS AND EKN AND BKW CORRIDOR. && .RLX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... -- Changed Discussion -- WV...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY UNTIL 1 PM EST MONDAY FOR WVZ005-013- 015-024>028-033>040-046-047. OH...NONE. KY...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY UNTIL 1 PM EST MONDAY FOR KYZ105. VA...WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY UNTIL 1 PM EST MONDAY FOR VAZ003-004. -- End Changed Discussion -- && $$ SYNOPSIS...KTB NEAR TERM...KTB SHORT TERM...CL LONG TERM...ESS AVIATION...KTB ----------------
  25. The Future of the Internet III http://www.pewinternet.org/PPF/r/270/report_display.asp A survey of internet leaders, activists and analysts shows they expect major tech advances as the phone becomes a primary device for online access, voice-recognition improves, artificial and virtual reality become more embedded in everyday life, and the architecture of the internet itself improves. They disagree about whether this will lead to more social tolerance, more forgiving human relations, or better home lives. Here are the key findings on the survey of experts by the Pew Internet & American Life Project that asked respondents to assess predictions about technology and its roles in the year 2020: # The mobile device will be the primary connection tool to the internet for most people in the world in 2020. # The transparency of people and organizations will increase, but that will not necessarily yield more personal integrity, social tolerance, or forgiveness. # Voice recognition and touch user-interfaces with the internet will be more prevalent and accepted by 2020. # Those working to enforce intellectual property law and copyright protection will remain in a continuing arms race, with the crackers who will find ways to copy and share content without payment. # The divisions between personal time and work time and between physical and virtual reality will be further erased for everyone who is connected, and the results will be mixed in their impact on basic social relations. # Next-generation engineering of the network to improve the current internet architecture is more likely than an effort to rebuild the architecture from scratch. -------------------------------
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